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Timeline: How The U.S. Came To Strike And Kill A Top Iranian General

President Trump ordered an airstrike on Thursday evening that killed the Iranian General Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad, a man he said was "plotting imminent and sinister attacks" against Americans in the region.

Soleimani was the leader of the Quds Force, a covert section of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. The White House says he was the mastermind behind attacks on Americans during the past two decades — including two recent attacks.

Trump said Friday he was not seeking regime change, but ordered the attack to protect Americans. "Under my leadership, America's policy is unambiguous: To terrorists who harm or intend to harm any American, we will find you; we will eliminate you," he said.

The White House has kept a close hold on many details of what led up to the decision to kill Soleimani. Here's what is known from public accounts.


Friday, Dec. 27: Attack near Kirkuk

Militia group Kataib Hezbollah attacks the K1 military base near the Iraqi city of Kirkuk with rockets, killing an American contractor and wounding several American and Iraqi personnel. Kataib Hezbollah has ties to Iran. It has denied orchestrating the attack.

Sunday, Dec. 29: Trump orders some airstrikes

Secretary of Defense Mark Esper, left, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Mark Milley, right, listen as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo delivers a statement on Iraq and Syria, at President Trump's Mar-a-Lago property, Sunday, Dec. 29, 2019.
Evan Vucci / AP
Secretary of Defense Mark Esper, left, and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Mark Milley, right, listen as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo delivers a statement on Iraq and Syria, at President Trump's Mar-a-Lago property, Sunday, Dec. 29, 2019.

From Florida, Trump responds with an order for airstrikes in sections of Iraq and Syria where members of the militia group were reportedly located.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper and Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, surprise reporters with a short evening briefing at Trump's Florida home, Mar-a-Lago.

  • Pompeo says he briefed the president on "activities that have taken place in the Middle East over the course of the last 72 hours" and that provocative actions had been happening for weeks.
  • Esper describes five targets in western Iraq and eastern Syria, and adds: "I would add that, in our discussion today with the president, we discussed with him other options that are available. And I would note also that we will take additional actions as necessary to ensure that we act in our own self-defense and we deter further bad behavior from militia groups or from Iran."
  • Tuesday, Dec. 31: Embassy compound stormed

    On Tuesday morning, Iraqi supporters of Kataib Hezbollah begin storming the U.S. embassy in Baghdad. The violence escalates, with militia members attempting to enter the embassy,starting fires and damaging the outside and a reception area of the embassy.

    Trump has a meeting on the issue at his golf course, and speaks with the Iraqi prime minister. White House Press Secretary Stephanie Grisham says Trump is getting regular updates. "As the president said, Iran is orchestrating this attack and they will be held fully responsible," she said. "It will be the president's choice how and when we respond to their escalation."

    Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., said he met with Trump about the situation.

    Later on Tuesday, Trump threatens Iran.

    Esper announces the U.S. will deploy an infantry battalion from the 82nd Airborne Division to the U.S. Central Command area. The decision is described as a precaution; about 750 soldiersat first and additional troops over the next several days.

    Later that night, Trump speaks to reporters before attending a New Year's Eve gala and is asked if he foresees going to war with Iran. "Do I want to? No. I want to have peace. I like peace," Trump told reporters. "And Iran should want peace more than anybody. So I don't see that happening."

    Wednesday, Jan. 1: Pompeo cancels trip

    The secretary of state cancels his planned trip to Ukraine and four additional countries. He speaks with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, among other regional leaders.

    Thursday, Jan. 2: Esper's warning; Soleimani killed

    Esper gives a statement emphasizing that the U.S. "will not accept continued attacks against our personnel & forces in the region." He also sends a message to U.S. allies to "stand together" against Iran.

    Esper and Milley hold a press gaggle. Esper says there are some signs Iran may be planning additional attacks and delivers a warning. "If that happens, then we will act, and by the way, if we get word of attacks or some type of indication, we will take preemptive action, as well to protect American forces, to protect American lives."

    "So the game has changed and we're prepared to do what is necessary to defend our personnel, and our interests and our partners in the region."

    Later that night, there are reports of a strike near the Baghdad airport — and early reports Soleimani was killed.

    Eventually, the Pentagon confirms the events, writing that Soleimani was "actively developing plans to attack American diplomats and service members in Iraq and throughout the region."

    The statement also said Soleimani had orchestrated attacks on bases and approved the attack on the embassy, adding, "this strike was aimed at deterring future Iranian attack plans."

    Friday, Jan. 3: Trump defends decision; world reacts

    A boy in Tehran carries a portrait of Gen. Qassem Soleimani, who was killed in the U.S. airstrike in Iraq.
    Vahid Salemi / AP
    A boy in Tehran carries a portrait of Gen. Qassem Soleimani, who was killed in the U.S. airstrike in Iraq.

    Trump first addresses Soleimani's killing by tweet, saying the general had been "plotting to kill many more" Americans.

    Later, he speaks to reporters, defending his decision to order the killing of Soleimani. "If Americans anywhere are threatened, we have all of those targets already fully identified, and I am ready and prepared to take whatever action is necessary. And that, in particular, refers to Iran."

    Meanwhile, leading figures in Iran vowed revenge and demonstrators in Iran, Iraq and elsewhere condemned the attack.

    Big questions remain, including how Iran could retaliate and what Trump's broader plan is in the Middle East. Read more on that here, from NPR's Phil Ewing.

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    Elena Moore is a production assistant for the NPR Politics Podcast. She also fills in as a reporter for the NewsDesk. Moore previously worked as a production assistant for Morning Edition. During the 2020 presidential campaign, she worked for the Washington Desk as an editorial assistant, doing both research and reporting. Before coming to NPR, Moore worked at NBC News. She is a graduate of The George Washington University in Washington, D.C., and is originally and proudly from Brooklyn, N.Y.
    Roberta Rampton is NPR's White House editor. She joined the Washington Desk in October 2019 after spending more than six years as a White House correspondent for Reuters. Rampton traveled around America and to more than 20 countries covering President Trump, President Obama and their vice presidents, reporting on a broad range of political, economic and foreign policy topics. Earlier in her career, Rampton covered energy and agriculture policy.